Aquarium Advice

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How to set up a cichlid tank

Cichlids are some of the most popular and fascinating of all tropical freshwater fish. They can be found from South and Central America (even in North America,) to Africa, Madagascar, India and even in Iran. They vary in shape from Angelfish and Discus to Cyprichromis, Frontosa and Pike cichlids, and range in size from just 3cm to three feet (90cm,) in length. Cichlids can be found in an...

How often should you change the water in a tropical fish tank?

Fish pollute water as they breathe and defecate, but they are not adapted to live in their own waste. The only way us fishkeepers get away with keeping fish in aquariums is by way of biological filtration, and water changes. Without these fish would be poisoned by the water they live in. Filters colonise with beneficial bacteria which convert toxic ammonia excreted by fish first into nit...

How to take care of Neon tetras

Neon tetras are small tropical freshwater fish with bright red and electric blue colouration. They can be seen in virtually every tropical fish shop around the world and sell in their millions every year. Native to Peru, Colombia and Brazil these tiny fish reach a maximum size of just 3cm in length, making them suitable for smaller tropical aquariums. Neon tetras belong to the family Cha...

How to beat Cyanobacteria

Cyanobacteria is the technical term for slime algae. It’s not in fact algae at all its a bacteria, but it looks and behaves in a similar way, growing quickly and smothering everything, and needing light. It’s one of the worst plagues the aquarium owner will face.  Cyano has been on the planet for 2.7 billion years so it's pretty hardy, and single-handedly turned the Earth’s at...

Why does my fish tank smell?

No one likes a stinky aquarium and for some, it can make them feel positively sick! Here are some of the causes and how to fix them.AmmoniaOnce you know what ammonia smells like, you’ll recognise it for the rest of your life. It smells like pee-filled babies’ nappies, which is ironic because it’s widely used in household cleaning products. If you smell ammonia coming from your fish ...

How many fish can I add to my BiOrb?

BiOrbs are very popular aquariums and come in a number of sizes including 15, 30, 60 and even 105 litre volumes.  Their spherical shape, acrylic construction and low voltage lighting make them popular with new fishkeepers and they are leaders in Lifestyle design, fitting perfectly into any room. But how many fish can you keep in each one?BiOrb Classic 15 LEDAt just 15 litres volume o...

How long do tropical fish live?

Tropical fish range in size, diet, temperament, water conditions, but also how long they live for. With few exceptions, large and very large fish species live longer than small ones, so in a small community tank with Guppies and Neon tetras, they will live for a much shorter period than a tank with an Oscar and a Pleco catfish.Famously short-lived fish are the Killifish. Native to Africa and ...

How to clean a tropical fish tank

Clean tanks equal happy owners, so by keeping your tank clean, you are more likely to enjoy it and stay in the hobby. Clean tanks are better for fish too, as dirty tanks can mean disease.Cleaning the inside glassThe glass is the one thing about your aquarium that will need cleaning the most frequently. Light plus water almost always means algae, and tank glass can go from clean to green ...

What temperature should a tropical aquarium be?

We often divide freshwater fish into two types - tropical and coldwater, but what defines a tropical fish, and what temperature is tropical?If you take the oceans, Tropical is determined when water temperatures are above 20 degrees Celsius (68 Fahrenheit) year-round. Temperate refers to waters which are typically 10-20C, 50-68F year-round, and below 10C,50F year-round is referred to as polar....

How to get crystal clear aquarium water

Crystal clear, healthy-looking water is the aim of virtually every aquarium owner. We are drawn to clear water as a species, we like to live next to it, swim in it, and of course, drink it.But if not properly maintained aquarium water can quickly become cloudy, full of algae and discoloured. Dirty aquariums are one of the biggest reasons why people give up fishkeeping, so by keeping your tank...

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