What other animals can I keep with fish in my aquarium?

There are several tempting non-fishy animal species aimed at the sale and keeping in fish tanks. But are they suitable to be mixed with fish? Visit your LFS and while looking for an interesting fish to buy you may well spot something else. Snails, crabs, shrimp, crayfish, frogs, even turtles, but unfortunately most are best kept separate from fish because they either eat fish, or they themselves may end up on your fish’s menu. 


Some snails are ok like Ramshorns and Nerites, but Tadpole snails and Malaysian trumpet snails come in with live plants as pests and can reach plague proportions. Apple snails have now returned from a previously being banned from keeping in Europe and the UK, but predatory Assasin snails can be used to eat and control Tadpole and Trumpet snails. 

Just a few snails can be a welcome addition to a planted tank, but will be on the menu of loaches, Paradise fish and medium-sized cichlids. Rabbit snails eat plants. 


There are quite a few freshwater crab species but the main issue is that most are amphibious and need to come out onto a land area, or worse, are actually land crabs that can and do drown when kept in aquaria. Rainbows and Red crabs need to come out of the water so are best in a terrarium of their own. Thai micro crabs (Limnopilos naiyanetri) are suitable for planted tanks but again will end up on the menu of Pufferfish and large, predatory cichlids. 


Luckily there are plenty of shrimp species that are suitable for tropical aquariums including Cherry shrimp, Crystal red shrimp, Amano shrimp and Wood shrimp. The first three are excellent algae eaters suitable for nano tanks, community tanks with small fish and planted tanks, although they would be eaten by medium to large fish.

Wood shrimp and their relatives the African Clawed shrimp have unique feeding apparatus, with fan arms that they hold out in the water to capture food particles. They are larger but harmless and can be housed with medium-sized fish species, ideally in fast-flowing stream themed aquaria.

Avoid any long-clawed Macrobranchium shrimp as they are predatory. 

Shrimp like this Cherry shrimp are the best non-fishy residents for freshwater aquaria. They eat algae too.


There are only one species of crayfish that can legally be kept in the UK, Cherax quadricarinatus. Sold as blue lobsters or red claw crayfish, they’re a tropical species but they grow large, to over 6”, and they will try to catch and eat fish. Beautiful invertebrates but they need an aquarium all to themselves. 


Two species of frogs don’t need to leave the water – the African dwarf frog and the African clawed frog. African dwarfs can be kept with small fish and are themselves tiny. Feed them on Bloodworm and Tubifex worms, but don’t mix with medium-sized or large fish as they will eat them. 

African clawed frogs are often seen for sale in their albino form and are also known by their Scientific name, Xenopus. These voracious eaters will eat aquarium fish and shrimp so need an aquarium, terrarium or paludarium all to themselves.


Freshwater turtles and terrapins will eat fish and need the right environment, diet, basking lamps, and UV light to live long and healthy lives. Keep separately in indoor ponds or specially designed terrapin enclosures to make sure they get what they need. The Fly River Turtle only comes out to lay eggs and doesn’t bask, but needs a huge aquarium to swim and exercise in and proper, long term care. 

The best companions for fish are other fish. If you want some of the exotic non-fishy species listed above, the best thing is to set up an environment where they can be kept on their own, and one that can cater properly for their needs. Check out reptile and invertebrate enclosures over at Swell Reptiles.    

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Jeremy Gay is an author, lifelong fishkeeper, and aquatic specialist. He's a former editor of Practical Fishkeeping Magazine, UK editor at Reefbuilders, a former aquatic store manager, and has collected fish in Sri Lanka and the Amazon. He's been on tv and radio, contributed to Koi Carp and Gardeners World magazines, been a product tester, a judge, and a product developer. Jeremy is here to guide and advise you on all things tropical, pond and marine, from set-up to stocking, health, feeding to breeding, as well as solving many common fishkeeping problems along the way.

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