Aquarium Advice

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What you need to know about livebearers

Livebearing fish are some of the most popular tropical aquarium fish of all time and include guppies, platies, mollies and swordtails.They are so-called because the females give birth to live young, instead of laying eggs like other fish. This is an effective survival strategy in the wild, as fry are born larger than those hatching from tiny eggs and more able to feed on a wider variety of fo...

The stay at home fishkeeper

It looks like we may all have some spare time on our hands this spring/summer, so now may be the time when you can finally get round to doing all those jobs you promised you’d do. And that goes for fish too. Here are a few things to keep you occupied.Re-scapeTake a look at your tank’s interior design and evaluate it. Is it bland and lacking in colour? Does it need some new greenery or...

How to breed tropical fish

Breeding fish can be one of the most rewarding sides to the hobby. Some fish like Guppies breed readily whereas others may spawn and you won’t even know. There are still some tropical fish that have never successfully bred in captivity, but there are a few general rules that apply when trying to breed all tropical fish species.Water conditionsFish only have to do four things in the wild...

How long do you leave a tropical fish tank before adding fish?

Setting up a new tank can be a minefield of information and advice will vary from person to person, store to store, book, magazine, to the internet. One of the most discussed and misunderstood topics is how long you should leave a newly set up aquarium before adding fish. As good as any new aquarium and filter are, when you buy them new, they are dry and sterile. Fish produce waste but a...

How to set up a cichlid tank

Cichlids are some of the most popular and fascinating of all tropical freshwater fish. They can be found from South and Central America (even in North America,) to Africa, Madagascar, India and even in Iran. They vary in shape from Angelfish and Discus to Cyprichromis, Frontosa and Pike cichlids, and range in size from just 3cm to three feet (90cm,) in length. Cichlids can be found in an...

How often should you change the water in a tropical fish tank?

Fish pollute water as they breathe and defecate, but they are not adapted to live in their own waste. The only way us fishkeepers get away with keeping fish in aquariums is by way of biological filtration, and water changes. Without these fish would be poisoned by the water they live in. Filters colonise with beneficial bacteria which convert toxic ammonia excreted by fish first into nit...

How to take care of Neon tetras

Neon tetras are small tropical freshwater fish with bright red and electric blue colouration. They can be seen in virtually every tropical fish shop around the world and sell in their millions every year. Native to Peru, Colombia and Brazil these tiny fish reach a maximum size of just 3cm in length, making them suitable for smaller tropical aquariums. Neon tetras belong to the family Cha...

How to beat Cyanobacteria

Cyanobacteria is the technical term for slime algae. It’s not in fact algae at all its a bacteria, but it looks and behaves in a similar way, growing quickly and smothering everything, and needing light. It’s one of the worst plagues the aquarium owner will face.  Cyano has been on the planet for 2.7 billion years so it's pretty hardy, and single-handedly turned the Earth’s at...

Why does my fish tank smell?

No one likes a stinky aquarium and for some, it can make them feel positively sick! Here are some of the causes and how to fix them.AmmoniaOnce you know what ammonia smells like, you’ll recognise it for the rest of your life. It smells like pee-filled babies’ nappies, which is ironic because it’s widely used in household cleaning products. If you smell ammonia coming from your fish ...

How many fish can I add to my BiOrb?

BiOrbs are very popular aquariums and come in a number of sizes including 15, 30, 60 and even 105 litre volumes.  Their spherical shape, acrylic construction and low voltage lighting make them popular with new fishkeepers and they are leaders in Lifestyle design, fitting perfectly into any room. But how many fish can you keep in each one?BiOrb Classic 15 LEDAt just 15 litres volume o...

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