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Garden pond plants are very good for your pond in more ways than one. Not only do they make your pond look amazing, they are also very functional. Plants can transform your pond into a haven for insects and wildlife, creating an organic atmosphere and making your garden full of life.
Pond plants offer natural filtration as they can absorb harmful chemicals and metals from your pond water. They also force algae to stop growing by using the nutrients algae would otherwise use to thrive.
There are four types of pond plant all of which can benefit your pond in different ways. These are:
- Oxygenating Pond Plants
- Marginal Water Pond Plants
- Floating Pond Plants
- Deep Water Plants
Oxygenating Pond Plants
As you would expect, oxygenating pond plants provide you pond with oxygen which is necessary to keep algae at bay and avoid having a green, mucky pond! Any pond fish also need oxygen to survive. Your water is also kept clean by these helpful plants as they feed on waste in the pond such as leaves.
A great oxygenator is Starwort (Callitriche Verna) which can provide surface cover for your pond and looks really lovely with its tiny white flowers.
Marginal Water Pond Plants
These plants feature in most garden ponds and sit on the outskirts in a plant pot. Usually, the water only covers the pot by a few inches, leaving most of the plant above water level. Because of the planting, marginal pond plants require a shallow shelf within the pond or at least some kind of elevation for the plant pot.
The Water Forget-Me-Not (Myosotis Scorpioides) is a beautiful marginal pond plant with small blue flowers.
Floating Pond Plants
Floating garden pond plants are, you guessed it, plants which float on the surface of your pond. They can provide cover for your fish and keep the pond cooler in the summer. Algae generally thrives in sunlight so floating plants can prevent this. Some can grow up to 12 inches in diameter so it is important to check the fully grown size of a plant before putting it in a smaller pond.
A popular floating plant is Fairy Moss (Azolla Caroliniana) which is a very attractive addition to any pond. Fairy Moss is a delicate, pale green miniature fern which turns red during the summer. Be warned, if left to its own devices, it can multiply rapidly.
Deep Water Plants
These plants are planted as marginal plants are, in pots, but are placed in much deeper water. They have the appearance of a floating plant as they grow to the surface. The most common is the water lily which come in various beautiful colours and bring a great look to your pond.
To make your pond look amazing and provide a brilliant ecosystem to your garden it is best to have a selection of different kinds of plants. It is important to research which plants work well together and don’t prevent others from thriving.